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Full text of "Ancient Mexico in miniature; pre-Columbian clay figures from the collection of Frances Pratt and Bumpei Usui. [Exhibition] June 20 -August 19, 1966"

g|B« yori^ t^'*t ^®* 



^'us;ufn library 



Ancient Mexico in Miniature 

Pre-Columbian Clay Figures from, the 
Collection of Frances Pratt and Bumpei Usui 



COOPER UNION MUSEUM 

June 20th through August 19th, 1966 




'A 32 71 



ANCIENT MEXICO IN MINIATURE 

As exenplified in the snail clay sculpture of Mexico, probably no other 
people of ancient tines left such a tangible record of their daily life, both 
secular and religious. Ceranic art vjas highly developed as early as I5OO B.C., 
in the Valley of Mexico, and the tradition was widespread throughout the 
country until the Spanish Conquest in I52I. 

With the exeption of nold-made pieces produced froi.i late Maya through 
Aztec tiroes, miniature sculpture vjas freely modeled. Pre-Classic figures, or 
those dating b6.£pCG or around the first century of the Christian era, relied 
heavily on a technique of rolling pellets of clay and appliqueing then on the 
nain body as facial features and adornments. It is interesting to note the 
finesse vji th vjhich elaborate coiffures and jeulery were executed, and the 
apparent regard in vjhich hi,c-h fashion vjas held. Though probably significant 
as fertility fip.ures, those fron Tlatilco, Chupicuaro and Kichoacan reflect a 
stylishly coiffed and ornanented, though otherwise,, nude people. 

After the first century A.D. , a great variety of genre work, illustrating 
daily life, was produced in VJestern Mexico, particularly in the states of 
Colina, Nayarit and Jalisco. ViJhile applique was still used, forns were 
inclined to be nore fully expanded, and there via.s increased use of color and 
burni shing. 

PigurativG work fror: the Vera Cruz area represents a nunber of periods, 
from the early, simplified Fanuco figure through later, naturalistic ceremonial 
representa.tions , It is rrenerally true that the later works reflected a more 
sophisticated religious concept. This is apparent in the Aztec period vjhere 
temples and important personages were frequently portrayed. 



ANCIENT ilEXICO IN ;'I1\IIaTU:;E 

Apart from their story-telling significance, Pre-Colunbian miniatures have an 
aQsthstictappcal due, in large measure, to the reverent convictions of their 
nakers. The figures transcend tine and place to make a universally 
recognizable artistic statement. 



Frances Pratt 



ANCIENT rEXICO IN riNIATURE 



Page 1 



From Valley of Mexico 

Pre-Classic period (c. I5OO - 5OO B.C. 

1. STAfiDING "GHOST" FIGURE 
Canitas, 2 l/k" 

2. STAFDING FIGURE ( Olmec) 
Puebla, h 1/8" 

3. ST-«_NDING FIG' RS 
Tlatilco, 3 3/8" 

k. ELONGATED FEiULE FIGURE 
Tlapacoya, h" 



16. STANDING FIGURE, DOUBLE HEADED 
L'ichoacan, 1 3/^" 

17. STANDING FIGURE, BRaIDED 

HEADDRESS 
Chupicuaro, U- 3/8" 

18. standing figure vjitk flo!.'er 

Earrings 

lichoacan, U" 

19. STANDING FIGURE iHTH TURBaN 
Michoacan, k 3/4-" 



5. STANDING FEJiALE FIGURE ilTH SKIRT 
Tia^iicO} 'yi/H" ■ 

6. FEI'.JALE DANCER 

TiatirciD*, 3 i/8" 

7. STANDING FIGURE 
1 3A" 

8. DOUBLE HEADED FIGURE 

1 7/8" 



20. SEATED FEiiALE FIGURE WITH 
HEADDRESS 
Cuanalan, 2 I/8" 



From State of Guanajuato 
Late Pre-Classic period (c. 1+00 B.C. 
100 A.D.) 

21. STANDING FIGURE, ARi; UPRaISED 
Chupicuaro, 2 l/2" 



9. STANDING FIGURE 
Tlatilco, 2 1/2' 



22. STANDING FIGURE 
Xalostoc, 2 3/8" 



10. STANDING FIFURE V.'ITH LEAF CROWN 
Tlatilco, k 3/8" 

11. ANIMAL (Tejon) 
Tlatilco, 1" 

12. SEATED FIGURE 
Tlapacoya, 2" ^ 

13. STANDING FIGURE VJITH MASK 
Michoacan, 4" 

14. STANDING FIGURE, HANDS ON HAIR 
I'ichoacan, 3 7/8" 



23. STANDING FIGURE 
Chupicuaro, h" 



Fron Valley of liexico 

Pre-Classic period (c. I5OO-5OO B.C.) 

2^. STANDING FEKALE FIGURE 
El Arbolillo, 5 1 /k" 

25. FIGURE IN REGaLIA 
Tlapacoya, 6 l/ h" 



15- DOGS, RUNNING 

Michoacan, 1 3/h" 



ANCI5WT MEXICO IN IIIWIATURE 



PaGE 2 



From State of Guerrero, Western Mexico 
Pre-Classic tradition ( c. 200 B.C. - 
200A.D. ) 

26. STAHDIWG HALE FIGURE 
2 3A" 

27. STANDING FIGURE >.TTH BABY 
2 " 



38. MOTHER HOLDING BABY 
2 1/2" 

39. ".miSTLE IN THE FORli OF ^. "SiiARRIOR 

FIGURE 
!+" 

kO. "ivaRRIOR VJITH SHIELD 



28. STANDING FIGURE 
k 1/2" 



^•1. IIO-MEN FLAYING a DRUl.i 
2 lA" 



From Valley of Mexico 

Pre-Classic period ( c. 1500 .-> 509 B.C. 

29. STANDING FIGUR;^ (Panuco II ) 
Vera Cruz, 3 3A" 



Frori State of Colina, Vlestorn Mexico 
Early Classic period ( c. 3OO -60O A.D. 

30. DOG 

2 1/2" 

31. DOG 

1 7/8" 

32. DOG 

1 3/h" 

33. STANDING FIGURE HOLDING BABY 

3 3/^" 

34. SEATED MOTHER WITH B^BY aND 

SUNSHADE 
1+" 

■^5. CHILD SEATED ON a STOOL 

2 3/8" 

36. A PUPIY 
3A" 

37. BABY IN CRIB 
1 1/8" 



^2. '.-'HISTLE IN THE FORM OF STRONG 
. IiAN 

) 1 7/8" 

4-3. .jHISTLE IK THE FORM OF STRONG 
MAN 
2 1/8" 

kk. A -.GHI-EE IN £, PaLDNOTIN • 
) CHIEF 1 7/8" 

PALENaUIN 3 1/8" 

1+5. VmiSTLE IK THE FORM OF STRONG 
LaN 
2 3/8" 

1+6. V/HISTLE IN THE FORM OF STRONG •• 
KaK 
21/8" 

H-'J. V/HiESffiE IK: THE- PS)BE Oi?, -STRONG 
ILAW 
2 1/2" 

!+8. .'HISTLE IN THE FORM OF HUNCHBACK 
2 1/2" 

1+9. ;;histle in the form of seaTed 

FIGURE 
2 1/2" 

GROUP OF SEVEN DaNCERS: 

50. 3 7/8" 

51. 3 3/8" 



ANCIENT I EXICO IN IvIINIaTURE 



PAGE 3 



52. 3 3/8" 

53. 3 lA" 
5U. 3 1/2" 

5?. 3 1/2" 

56. 3 3 A" 

57. A DRUT'I'TER 
2 1/8- 

58. ^THISTLE IN THE FORI,: OF A BIRD 

2 1/2" 

59. WHISTLE IN THE FORiM OF A M^.N 

VJITH A FISH'S HEAD 

3 3/8" 

60. BOUND FIGURE ..ITH a DOG 
1" 

61. STANDING FIGURE 
k 7/8" 

GROUP OF THREE RECLINING FIGURES: 

62. 2" 

63. 2 1/2" 
61+. 2 3/^" 

65. ^.CROBAT 

2 1/4" 

66. THREE FIGURES psrfor::ii;g a rite 

G'J. A COUPLE EI/ BRACING 
2" 

68. PEACOCK ,ITH DOG 

69. rmisTLi; in the forii of a feacock 

WITH DOG 
k 1/2" 

70. FIGURE SEATED ON a STOOL 
k 1/2" 

71. aN AFFECTIONATE FAMILY: Fi^THER, 

MOTHER ..ND 3A3Y ( Baby's head 
is missing ) 

3 1/8" 



72» l/HISTLE IN THE FORT OF FIGURE 
WITH PLaTS AND J.J? 
3" 

73, STANDING COUPLE 
5 l/k" 

7M-. seaTed couple 
3 3/8" 



Fron State of Nayarit, Western t.iexico 
Early Classic period (c, 300^600 • A t.D» ). 

75 o DOG STANDING ON HEAD OF a 
SSAT2D FIGURE 

3 3/8" 

76. VESSEL IN THE FORJ.I OF A SEaTED 

GOUjtLE 
3 1/8" 

77. FATHER HOLDING HIS SON OH HIS 

SHOULDERS 

78. SEATED FIGURE I.'EkRING A FaNCY 

CAPE 

2 3/h" 

79. SEATED FIGURE .<ITH TVjO DOGS 

3 3/8" 

80. SEATED FIGURE DRINKING FROM 

A BOVJL THROUGH A TUBE 

3 3/^" 

81. SEATED FIGURE V;iTH x-. Bi.BY 
( Chinesco ) 

3 1/4 " 

82. SEATED FIGURE UITH SHIELD 
( Chinesco ) 

2 7/8" 

83. SEATED FIGURE "A'lTH BaBY 
( Chinesco ) 

i+ 3/8" 



ANCIENT liEXICO IN MINIATURE 



PAGE h 



84. SEATED FIGURE ( Chinesco ) 

2 3/8" 

85. SEATED FIGURE PLAYING MUSICAL 

INSTRUilENT 

3 3/^" 

86. U'HISTLE IN THE FORM OF A COILED 

SNAKE 
3A" 



97. SE^-TED FIGURE HOLDING .^ FLOUER 
3 1/2" 

Froin State of Vera Cruz 

Classic period (c. 3OO-60O .^.D.) 

Figures 98-IO5, IO7-IO9, 112 & 

116, fron Reraojadas 

98. SS.1.TED I.ONKEY, EATING 

3 1/2" 



87. 


SEATED FIGURE .ITil PaRaSOL AND 


99. 


SMALL llONICEY 




DOG 




1 lA" 




5 i/k- 










100. 


fOUSE 


88. 


CURLED UP DOG 
1 l/2" 




2" 






101. 


l.ONKEY 


89. 


RECUMBENT FIGURE WITH ATTElIDv.NT 




3 1/2" 



2 3/'+" 



From State of Jalisco, 'Jestern Iiexico 
Early Classic period (c. 3OO-60O A.D.) 
or earlier 



102. FIGURE TEARING ^ HELIiET 
3 1/2" 

103. FIGURE UE-.RING a HAT 
If I/I+" 



90. SEi-.TEJ liOTHER AND B.-.BY 

5 1/8" 

91. STANDING FIGURE 
k" 

92. standing figure wearing earrings 

hND necklace 
3 3/*+" 

93. SEATED MOTHER AND BABY 
•+ 1/2" 

9I+. SEATED FIGURE OF VfOliJ-JJ .JITH A 
LONG NOSE 

5 i/U" 

95. l-iALS FIGURE 

2 7/8" 

96. FEVALE FIGURE 

3 1/2" 



10^-. FIGURE i.'E^RING A CAPE i.ND 
HEId.'ET 

3 3/8" 

105. SEaTEj ivkN ;JITH ARLS CROS ED 

ON KNEES 
3 1/2" 

106. FIGURE WEARING BIRD iiASK 

3 1/2" 

107. FIGURE WEiulING ANIIIAL iJASK AND 

HOLDING MUSICaL INSTRUliENT 

k 7/8" 

108. FIGURE, POSSIBLY aN EXECUTIONER 

3 7/8" 

109. FIGURE WIJaRING a BIRD IIaSK 
k 1/2" 



ANCIENT MEXICO IN MINIATURE. 



Page 5 



110. 


A r/HISTLE 
k 3/8" 


111. 


A miSTLE 




3" 


112. 


I/OTHER AMD BABY 
h 1/2" 


113. 


FIGURATIVE iraiSTLE 
2 l/k" 


nil. 


A '.VHISTLE 
3 1/2" 


115. 


A WHISTLE 

3 l/h" 


116. 


WHISTLE 
h 1/2" 


117. 


FIGURE ^'JITH ELEPHANT MASK 
1+ 1/2" 


118. 


FIGURE WEARING ANIl':AL JIASK 
k 1/8" 



119. ..'HISTLE IN THE FORI' OF A B..I 

3 1/2" 

120. FANTASTIC FIGURE 
k 1/2" 

121. Fantastic figure 
i+" 



From Valley of Mexico 
Pre-Classic tradition (c. 200 B.C, 
200 A.D. ) 

122. SEATED FIGURE iVITH FSaTHERS 
Teotihuacan, 2" 

123. SEATED FIGURE 
Teotihuacan, 2 I/8" 

I2I+. SEATED FIGURE 

Teotihuacan, 1 l/2" 



125. ST...NDING FIGURE 
Teotihuacan, U 3/8" 

126. STANDING FIGURE 
Teotihuacan, 4 3/8" 

127. S-...TED FIGURE WEARING CAFE 
Teotihuacan, 3" 

128. SE.:.TED FIGURE JE .RING A HaT 
Teotihuacan, 2 I/2" 

12Sg' STANDING FIGURE ijEaRING CaPE 
aND IVIDE HaT 
Teotihuacan, 5 3/8" 

130, SEATED FIGURE BLO'.VING ON .A 

CONCH 
Xca;eihuacan, 2 3/k" 

131. lusicaL instrui'ent in the fori 

OF A STaNDING figure 
Teotihuacan, k l/2" 



From State of Yucatan 
( c. 700 - 1000 A.D. ) 

132. OViL 

laya, 3 1/8" 

133. O'.JL 

Maya, 3 3/*+" 

I3I+. FIGURE OF AN OFFICI.^L 
( Island of Jaina ) 
Maya, 3 I/8" 



Fron Valley of I'.'exico and State of 

Vera Cruz 
{ 1300 - 1500 A.D. ) 

135. SE...T3D FIGURE 
AZtec, k 5/8" 

136. SEATED FIGURE 
Aztec, k- 5/8" 



ANCIENT }:EXICO IN MINIATURE FACE 6 



137. MINIATUHE TEMPLE SURMOUNTED BY 
I'lND GOD 
Aztec, ? lA" 

I3P. STATUETTE OF WIND GOD 
Aztec, 3 1/8" 

139. SEATED FIGURE 
Aztec, k 3A" 

1^+0. DOUBLE TElviPLE 
Aztec, 3 3A" 

li+l. TEwPLE ,JITH A STEEP ROOF 
Aztec, 3 3A" 

II+2. TE1.;PLE ViTlTH A FEAICED ROOF 
Aztec, k" 

II+3. ROUND T£2;?LE WITH A STE3P ROOF 
Aztec, 4" 

Ikh. ROUND TEIiPLE 
Aztec, 3 3A" 

lh3. DOUBLE TErPLE 
Aztec, 3 3/8" 

l46„ 3IND GOD ON TELIPLE 
Aztec, 6 1/2" 

ik'J. ROUND TSIiPLE 
Aztec, 3 7/8" 

II+8. TEMPLE WITH CONICAL ROOF 
Aztec, 5"